Right to Clean Air
The citizens of Europe have the right to clean air. This is why European and National Regulations, for example Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe, set a number of limits and alarm thresholds for the concentrations of certain pollutants in the air. These include particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2).
Ambient Air Quality Directive 2008/50/EC
|Mean||Limit PM10 (Particulate Matter)||Limit NO2 (Nitrogen Dioxide)|
|24 h (PM10) 1 h (NO2)||50 µg/m3 not more than 35 violations /year||200 µg/m3not more than 18 violations/year|
|1 year||40 µg/m3||40 µg/m3|
PM10 and PM2.5 particulates are easily breathed in (causing lung cancer).
Diesel exhaust emissions have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/ WHO) as being carcinogenic to humans (Group1). The IARC based their finding on scientific evidence that exposure is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer.
EU Emission standards
Vehicle emission standards have become increasingly stringent, requiring exhaust aftertreatment. To address this, vehicles in use can be retrofitted with newest technology!
Emission Limits, Commercial vehicles
PM = Particulate Matter
NOx = Nitrogen Oxides
Stage V is a proposal of the European Commission.
Graphs to be used for reference puposes only.